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During the less than 13 years of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s leadership of the modern American Civil Rights Movement, from December 1955 until April 4, 1968, African Americans achieved more genuine progress toward racial equality in America than the previous 350 years had produced. Dr. King is widely regarded as America’s pre-eminent advocate of nonviolence and one of the greatest nonviolent leaders in world history.
Drawing inspiration from both his Christian faith and the peaceful teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. King led a nonviolent movement in the late 1950s and ‘60s to achieve legal equality for African-Americans in the United States. While others were advocating for freedom by “any means necessary,” including violence, Martin Luther King, Jr. used the power of words and acts of nonviolent resistance, such as protests, grassroots organizing, and civil disobedience to achieve seemingly-impossible goals. He went on to lead similar campaigns against poverty and international conflict, always maintaining fidelity to his principles that men and women everywhere, regardless of color or creed, are equal members of the human family.
Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, Nobel Peace Prize lecture and “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” are among the most revered orations and writings in the English language. His accomplishments are now taught to American children of all races, and his teachings are studied by scholars and students worldwide. He is the only non-president to have a national holiday dedicated in his honor and is the only non-president memorialized on the Great Mall in the nation’s capitol. He is memorialized in hundreds of statues, parks, streets, squares, churches and other public facilities around the world as a leader whose teachings are increasingly-relevant to the progress of humankind.
Some of Dr. King’s most important achievements include:
In 1955, he was recruited to serve as spokesman for the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was a campaign by the African-American population of Montgomery, Alabama to force integration of the city’s bus lines. After 381 days of nearly universal participation by citizens of the black community, many of whom had to walk miles to work each day as a result, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in transportation was unconstitutional.
In 1957, Dr. King was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), an organization designed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. He would serve as head of the SCLC until his assassination in 1968, a period during which he would emerge as the most important social leader of the modern American civil rights movement.
In 1963, he led a coalition of numerous civil rights groups in a nonviolent campaign aimed at Birmingham, Alabama, which at the time was described as the “most segregated city in America.” The subsequent brutality of the city’s police illustrated most vividly by television images of young blacks being assaulted by dogs and water hoses, led to a national outrage resulting in a push for unprecedented civil rights legislation. It was during this campaign that Dr. King drafted the “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” the manifesto of Dr. King’s philosophy and tactics, which is today required-reading in universities worldwide.
Later in 1963, Dr. King was one of the driving forces behind the March for Jobs and Freedom, more commonly known as the “March on Washington,” which drew over a quarter-million people to the national mall. It was at this march that Dr. King delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, which cemented his status as a social change leader and helped inspire the nation to act on civil rights. Dr. King was later named Time magazine’s “Man of the Year.”
In 1964, at 35 years old, Martin Luther King, Jr. became the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize. His acceptance speech in Oslo is thought by many to be among the most powerful remarks ever delivered at the event, climaxing at one point with the oft-quoted phrase “I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word in reality. This is why right temporarily defeated is stronger than evil triumphant.”
Also in 1964, partly due to the March on Washington, Congress passed the landmark Civil Rights Act, essentially eliminating legalized racial segregation in the United States. The legislation made it illegal to discriminate against blacks or other minorities in hiring, public accommodations, education or transportation, areas which at the time were still very segregated in many places.
The next year, 1965, Congress went on to pass the Voting Rights Act, which was an equally-important set of laws that eliminated the remaining barriers to voting for African-Americans, who in some locales had been almost completely disenfranchised. This legislation resulted directly from the Selma to Montgomery, AL March for Voting Rights lead by Dr. King.
Between 1965 and 1968, Dr. King shifted his focus toward economic justice – which he highlighted by leading several campaigns in Chicago, Illinois – and international peace – which he championed by speaking out strongly against the Vietnam War. His work in these years culminated in the “Poor Peoples Campaign,” which was a broad effort to assemble a multiracial coalition of impoverished Americans who would advocate for economic change.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s less than thirteen years of nonviolent leadership ended abruptly and tragically on April 4th, 1968, when he was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Dr. King’s body was returned to his hometown of Atlanta, Georgia, where his funeral ceremony was attended by high-level leaders of all races and political stripes.
Donate to the King Center and Get Involved Today!
Over the past year, we have been inundated with violence in our nation and around the world! These tragic circumstances have served as searing reminders of the continued relevance of Dr. King's message of nonviolence. We need to hear and embrace Dr. King's message now more than ever!
We need your support to ensure that Dr. King's voice is heard and this critical work continues. Your donation will help us engage, educate, and train people around the world using Dr. King’s nonviolent philosophy and strategies, which we call Nonviolence365™ (NV365™). With your help and with God’s grace, peace will prevail and The King Center will continue Dr. King’s mission for nonviolent social change.
Let’s stand together… on this King Holiday, and make a difference by making a contribution that honors the work and legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.
$3 – Become an "Activist Supporter" and help the King Center spread the message of nonviolence around the world $30 – In honor of the 30-Year Anniversary of the Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday, become an "NV365™ Champion Supporter" and fund our Nonviolence365™ Education and Training Programs
$60 – In honor of the 60th Anniversary of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, become a “Drum Major for Justice” and help The King Center develop innovative digital and technology solutions that spread Dr. King’s Nonviolence philosophy and teach ways to become a “Beloved Community”
$300 - become a "Youth Champion" by supporting CAMP NOW, a nonviolence and leadership training camp for young people.
Other – Become a "Movement Supporter" by giving a donation of your choice
The King Center is a 501(c)3. All donations are tax-deductible
Your generous support helps us promote and preserve Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s legacy, support programmatic growth, provide nonviolence education and training, and maintain The King Center facilities visited by over a million people each year.
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc. is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization and your donation may qualify as a charitable deduction for federal income purposes. Please consult with your tax advisor or the Internal Revenue Service regarding specific questions about your deductions.
Checks should be made payable to “THE KING CENTER” if you would like to honor the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
"The King Center"
449 Auburn Avenue, NE
Atlanta, Georgia 30312